FDPP Month Twelve
FDPP Month Twelve (Family Disaster Preparedness Plan) is available below...
The Family Disaster Preparedness Plan Month Twelve is available for
free along with four Structural Disaster Preparedness forms to download and print for
your Family Disaster Preparedness Plan.This will be an important last step in your plan.
There is a 70% chance that you and your family will be at home during
the next earthquake. You have a choice as to how well your home will
perform. Next to loss of life, the loss of your home will be the
greatest catastrophe to occur in an earthquake.
The basic rectangular, single-story, wood frame house is one of the
safest types of structures in an earthquake. Most people will be safe at
home if they live in a well-braced wood-frame building of one or two
stories. These buildings are unlikely to collapse completely during
earthquakes. Common damage in these structures is light cracking of
interior walls or cracking of brick.
The key to a well-designed building is its ability to withstand an
earthquake as a single unit. The shaking and lateral forces of an
earthquake will separate building components at their weakest points.
Therefore, all structural elements must be securely tied together:
- The structure must be tied to the foundation with anchor bolts to keep it from sliding
- The wall studs must be sheathed (tied) with plywood or some other material to reduce deflection and provide strength
- The floors and roof must be fastened securely to the walls to tie the structure together.
Activities for FDPP Month Twelve:
- The Preparedness Project sheets for Adding Foundation Bolts,
Sheathing Cripple Walls, Strengthening Posts and Beams, and Bracing
Outdoor Structures are below. Download and print these project sheets
out and add them to your Family Disaster Plan notebook for handy
- Calendar date and time for meeting this month to inspect your
home and create a “To-Do” List for strengthening the structural
components of your home.
- If you are uncomfortable performing this inspection
yourself, contact an engineer experienced in seismic strengthening. You
can find them in the yellow pages of the phone book.
- Check your house and garage for foundation bolts. These bolts
secure the wood structure to concrete foundation. They should be a
minimum of six feet apart along the sill plate.
- For more information on securing your house to the foundation, follow the FDPP Month Twelve forms above.
- Inspect the vertical studs that extend from the foundation to
the first floor of your home. These are common in crawl space areas and
are called cripple walls. If they are exposed (for example, without
sheathing) on the inside, they could buckle in the ground motion that
accompanies many large earthquakes.
- For more information on strengthening and bracing cripple walls, follow the FDPP Month Twelve forms below.
- Inspect all exposed framing in garages, basements, porches and
patio covers where beams, posts, walls, floors and ceilings come
together. All these components need to be connected with metal
- Check all brick, masonry and stone facades to make sure they
are securely attached to your home. Consult a structural engineer for
advice on how to do this.
- Check the chimney for loose tiles an bricks.
- Check the ceiling in the attic surrounding the chimney. It
should be reinforced with ¾ inch plywood nailed to the beams to provide
protection from falling bricks that might break through the roof.
- If your chimney is old and extends more than five feet above the roof, consider bracing it. Consult a seismic engineer.
- For more information specific to masonry chimneys, follow the FDPP Month Twelve forms below.
- Inspect all large plate glass windows to make sure they are safety glass.
- Consider adding a safety film to all windows. This does not
prevent the window from breaking, but it does keep the glass from
failing and injuring loved ones.
- If you live in a mobile home, follow the information in the 12
Month Family Disaster Preparedness Plan under Structural Preparations
specific to mobile homes. The plan has information on building codes
Click on the link(s) to download the FDPP Month Twelve file(s) below:
Foundation - Preparedness Project 5
Cripple Walls - Preparedness Project 6
Beams and Posts - Preparedness Project 7
Outdoor Structures - Preparedness Project 8
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. You can convert this Adobe file into a Word document free of charge
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